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Former Vice President Joe Biden (D) was the statewide winner of the presidential election in Maine on November 3, 2020. He also won Maine’s 1st Congressional District. President Donald Trump (R) won Maine’s 2nd Congressional District.
The Democratic and Republican parties held primaries in Maine on March 3, 2020. Biden won the Democratic primary. Trump ran uncontested in the Republican primary.
The Maine Republican Party filed a veto referendum on ranked-choice voting in February 2020. Secretary of State Matthew Dunlap (D) said in June 2020 that the campaign’s petition did not meet the signature requirement. On August 24, 2020, Superior Court Judge Thomas McKeon ruled that Dunlap had to count 988 of the signatures his office had deemed invalid, which would have qualified the veto referendum to appear on the ballot in November and precluding ranked-choice voting from being used in this election.
The Maine Supreme Court stayed an appeal regarding the veto referendum on September 8, 2020, effectively putting its inclusion on the ballot on hold. As a result, Dunlap said he would proceed with printing ballots that included ranked-choice voting for the presidential race.
In the 2016 election, Maine split its electoral votes; of four electoral votes, two “electoral votes go to the statewide winner and one electoral vote goes to the winner in each of the two congressional districts.” Hillary Clinton, the Democratic candidate, received three votes, while the Republican candidate, Donald Trump, won one vote.